army personnel holding voting ballot

Early Mail Ballot

Who May Apply for an Early Mail Ballot?

Any registered voter may apply for an early mail ballot. Each person must apply for themselves. It is a felony to make a false statement in an application for an early mail ballot, to attempt to cast an illegal ballot, or to help anyone to cast an illegal ballot.

Restrictions on Machine Voting:

Any voter who is issued an Early Mail ballot, and who subsequently attempts to vote in person, must only be allowed to vote via affidavit ballot.  The affidavit ballot will be kept separate until the election is completed.  Election officials will verify whether the voter’s early mail ballot has been received.  If the voter’s early mail ballot has been received, the affidavit ballot will not be counted.  If the voter’s early mail ballot has not been received, the affidavit ballot will be counted.

Voter registration lists shall indicate that an Early Mail ballot was issued.

How to Apply for an Early Mail Ballot

You may apply for an early mail ballot in any of the following ways:
  • Using the online Ballot Request Application portal: https://ballotapplication.elections.ny.gov/home/earlymail [Effective January 1, 2024]
  • If you are visually impaired and require a ballot with accessible features you may apply using the online Accessible Absentee Ballot Application portal.
  • By going in-person to the Westchester County Board of Elections, 25 Quarropas St., White Plains, NY 10601
  • By designating another person to deliver your application in-person to the Westchester County Board of Elections, 25 Quarropas St., White Plains, NY 10601 and receive your ballot.
You can download a PDF version of the New York State Early Mail Ballot Application Form using the links below:

When is it Due?

Applications requesting to receive an early mail ballot must be received by the board of elections in your county no later than ten days before the election. For early mail ballots to be received in-person, applications must be received by your board no later than the day before the election.

How to Cast an Early Mail Ballot
  1. Once you receive the ballot, mark the ballot according to your choices for each office following the instructions on the ballot.
  2. Once you have completed marking your ballot, fold it up and place it in the Security Ballot Envelope. (This envelope will have a place for your signature.)
  3. Sign and date the outside of the Security Ballot Envelope.
  4. Seal the Security Ballot Envelope.
  5. All early mail ballots include a pre-paid Return Ballot Envelope. Place the Security Ballot Envelope in the Return Ballot Envelope. (This envelope will have the return address of the Westchester County Board of Elections on the outside and should have a logo that reads, “Official Election Mail”.) The Return Ballot Envelope does not require any additional postage.
  6. Seal the Return Ballot Envelope.

You may return the ballot in any of the following ways:

For the April 2, 2024 Presidential Primary Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than April 2nd.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than April 2nd by 9 pm.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between March 23rd and March 30th.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on April 2nd by 9 pm.
For the June 25, 2024 State and Federal Primary Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than June 25th.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than June 25th by 9 p.m.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between June 15th and June 23rd.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on June 25th by 9 p.m.
For the November 5, 2024 General Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than November 5th.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than November 5th by 9 p.m.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between October 26th and November 3rd.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on November 5th by 9 p.m.

Absentee Ballot

Qualifications to Vote by Absentee Ballot
  1. Absent from your county or, if a resident of New York City absent from the five boroughs, on Election Day.
  2. Unable to appear at the polls due to temporary or permanent illness or disability.
  3. Unable to appear because you are the primary care giver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled.
  4. A resident or patient of a Veterans Health Administration Hospital.
  5. In jail or prison for any reason other than a felony conviction. This includes anyone who is awaiting grand jury action, awaiting trial, or serving a sentence for a misdemeanor.

New Absentee Ballot Procedure – Restrictions on Machine Voting:
Due to a recent change in law, New York State voters are no longer permitted to cast a ballot on a voting machine if they have already been issued an absentee ballot for that election. Voters who have already been issued an absentee ballot can still vote in person using an affidavit ballot. The affidavit ballot will be kept separate until the election is completed. Election officials will verify whether the voter’s absentee ballot has been received. If the voter’s absentee ballot has been received, the affidavit ballot will not be counted. If the voter’s absentee ballot has not been received, the affidavit ballot will be counted.

Voter registration lists shall indicate that an Absentee Ballot was issued.

If a voter requests a second absentee ballot, any previously issued absentee ballot that is returned by the voter will be set aside unopened to provide the voter a chance to return the second ballot, unless the first ballot has already been opened. If both ballots are received before the return deadline, the ballot with the later postmark date is accepted and any other ballots that have been received are rejected, unless the first ballot has already been opened. If a voter submits more than one timely absentee ballot and cast an affidavit ballot, the last received ballot, either submitted in person during the election or by mail within the absentee return deadline, will be canvassed.

How to Apply for an Absentee Ballot

You may apply for an absentee ballot in any of the following ways:

  • Electronically through the New York State Absentee Ballot Application Portal
  • By sending an email request to 
  • By sending a fax request to (914) 995-7753 or (914) 995-3190
  • By going in-person to the Westchester County Board of Elections, 25 Quarropas St., White Plains, NY 10601
  • By mailing a paper application to the Westchester County Board of Elections, 25 Quarropas St., White Plains, NY 10601
You can download a PDF version of the New York State Absentee Ballot Application Form:
By sending a letter to the Westchester County Board of Elections: 25 Quarropas St., White Plains, NY 10601, the letter must contain the following information:
  1. Name and date of birth of the voter
  2. The address where you are registered
  3. An address where the ballot is to be sent
  4. The reason for the request, and
  5. The signature of the voter

If you apply by letter: An application form will be mailed with your ballot. The application form must be completed and returned with your ballot.

If you cannot pick up your ballot, or will not be able to receive it through the mail: You have the right to designate someone to pick it up for you. Only that person designated on your application may pick up and deliver your ballot. Please note: The maximum amount any person can pick up is five (5) ballots including their own.

If you are permanently ill or disabled: You have the right to receive an Absentee Ballot for each subsequent election without further application. Simply file an application with the Westchester County Board of Elections indicating permanent illness or physical disability. You will then automatically receive an absentee ballot for every election until your registration is cancelled.

Accessible Absentee Voting

Voters with a print disability, which means any disability that interferes with the effective reading, writing,or use of printed material, that require a ballot with accessible features may apply using the online Accessible Absentee Ballot Application portal: https://ballotapplication.elections.ny.gov/home/accessible

Print disabilities include blindness, low vision, dyslexia, dysgraphia, learning disabilities, and physical disabilities that limit writing abilities.

Voters using the accessible absentee ballot system in need of printing services in order to print their ballot can access such services at certain public printing resources, including but not limited to, libraries, print stores, shipping stores, and office supply stores. Voters should contact their local printing resources for details on the printing services offered.

In-person voting using an accessible Ballot Marking Device (“BMD”) during early voting or on Election Day is still available to voters with a disability who do not want to vote by absentee ballot using the accessible absentee ballot system.

Download the English Accessible Absentee Ballot Application
Download the Spanish Accessible Absentee Ballot Application

When is it due?

Applications requesting to receive an absentee ballot by mail must be received by the board of elections in your county no later than ten days before the election. For absentee ballots to be received in-person, applications must be received by your board no later than the day before the election.

How to Cast an Absentee Ballot

Please carefully review and follow the instructions below. Each step is important and required.
  1. Once you receive the ballot, mark the ballot according to your choices for each office following the instructions on the ballot
  2. Once you have completed marking your ballot, fold it up and place it in the Security Ballot Envelope. (This envelope will have a place for your signature.)
  3. Sign and date the outside of the Security Ballot Envelope.
  4. Seal the Security Ballot Envelope.
  5. All absentee ballots include a pre-paid Return Ballot Envelope. Place the Security Ballot Envelope in the Return Ballot Envelope. (This envelope will have the return address of your county Board of Elections on the outside and should have a logo that reads, “Official Election Mail”.) The Return Ballot Envelope does not require any additional postage.
  6. Seal the Return Ballot Envelope.

You may return the ballot in any of the following ways:

For the April 2, 2024 Presidential Primary Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than April 2nd.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than April 2nd by 9 p.m.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between March 23rd and March 30th.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on April 2nd by 9 p.m.
For the June 25, 2024 State and Federal Primary Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than June 25th.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than June 25th by 9 p.m.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between June 15th and June 23rd.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on June 25th by 9 p.m.
For the November 5, 2024 General Election:
  1. Put it in the mail ensuring it receives a postmark no later than November 5th.
  2. Bringing it to the Westchester County Board of Elections Office no later than November 5th by 9 p.m.
  3. Bringing it to an early voting poll site in Westchester County between October 26th and November 3rd.
  4. Bringing it to a poll site in Westchester County on November 5th by 9 p.m.

Mail Time Considerations When Returning an Election Ballot

When mailing your completed ballot, the USPS recommends that voters allow enough time for ballots to be returned to the Board, which is generally seven days ahead of the election. Voters who mail in their ballots on Election Day must be aware of the posted collection times on collection boxes and at the Postal Service’s retail facilities, and that ballots entered after the last posted collection time will not be postmarked until the following business day.

Absentee Cures

There are certain errors or problems that can occur when a voter completes an absentee ballot envelope. Many of these errors or problems are curable by means of filing a cure statement with your board of elections. If your ballot envelope has a curable defect, you will receive a notice from the board of elections. The cure process is described here: CuresProcess2021Guidance.